[][src]Crate sequoia_ffi

Provides a Foreign Function Interface.

We provide a set of functions that use C types and the C calling convention. This interfaces allows you to use Sequoia safely from any other language.


Provided that the caller obeys her side of the contract, this library...

  • will not make an invalid memory access,
  • will not abort(2),
  • XXX


Sequoia objects are opaque objects. They are created in constructors, and must be freed when no longer needed.

Pointers handed to Sequoia must not be NULL, unless explicitly stated. See references.

Enumeration-like values must be in the valid range.

Strings must be UTF-8 encoded and zero-terminated. Malformed characters will be substituted, and the result is likely not what you expect.


When ownership of a T is transferred across the FFI boundary, a *mut T is used.

To transfer ownership from Rust to C, we box the Rust object, and use Box::into_raw(..). From this moment on, ownership must be managed by the C application.

To transfer ownership from C to Rust, we re-create the box using Box::from_raw(..).

In this crate we use a series of macros to transfer ownership from Rust to C. fry_box matches on Result<T>, handling errors by terminating the current function, returning the error using the context. maybe_box_raw matches on Option<T>, turning None into NULL. Finally, box_raw is merely a shortcut for Box::into_raw(Box::new(..)).


When references are transferred across the FFI boundary, we use *const T, or *mut T. If the parameter is optional, a Option<&T> or Option<&mut T> is used.

Application code must adhere to Rust's reference rules:

  • Either one mutable reference or any number of immutable ones.
  • All references are non-NULL.
  • All references are valid.

In this crate we enforce the second rule by asserting that all pointers handed in are non-NULL. If a parameter of an FFI function uses Option<&T> or Option<&mut T>, it may be called with NULL. A notable example are the destructors (sq_*_free).


If you derive a complex object from another complex object, you must assume that the original object is borrowed by the resulting object unless explicitly stated otherwise. For example, objects created using a context must not outlive that context. Similarly, iterators must not outlive the object they are created from.

Failing to adhere to lifetime restrictions results in undefined behavior.

Error handling

Sequoia will panic if you provide bad arguments, e.g. hand a NULL pointer to a function that does not explicitly allow this.

Failing functions return NULL. Functions that require a Context return complex errors. Complex errors are stored in the Context, and can be retrieved using sq_last_strerror.


#include <sequoia.h>
#include <error.h>

pgp_error_t err;
pgp_cert_t cert;

cert = pgp_cert_from_file (&err, "../openpgp/tests/data/keys/testy.pgp");
if (cert == NULL)
  error (1, 0, "pgp_cert_from_bytes: %s", pgp_error_to_string (err));

pgp_cert_free (cert);



Contexts and errors.


Maps various errors to status codes.


For accessing keys over the network.


Bindings for the low-level openpgp crate.


For storing OpenPGP certificates.